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Artists' Index
Encyclopedia of Modern Art and Arab World
موســــوعة الفـن الحديـــث والعالــم العربـــي
Artists' Index

Farid Belkahia

فريد بلكاهية
Farid Belkahia
​Born on 15 November 1934 in Marrakesh, Morocco; d​​ied on 25 September 2014 in ​Marrakesh, Morocco.
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Farid Belkahia


One of the foremost modernist artists in Morocco, Farid Belkahia began his training at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts of Paris from 1954 to 1959. He continued his studies in Prague until returning to Morocco in 1962 to become director of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Casablanca, a position he retained until 1974. Belkahia turned away from oil painting and easels in the early 1960s and began working primarily with large-scale hammered copper. While retaining multiple dimensions, the copper was meant to be hung on walls and was used to create bas-reliefs. Since the mid-1970s, Belkahia is best known for the work he has done with leather, which he treats using traditional techniques and stretches over shaped supports. He then paints the leather with naturally occurring dyes such as henna.

The process of the work on both copper and leather is for Belkahia an important aspect of the creation of his art, and his work typically highlights not just the organic shapes that make up the content of the work, but the texture and dimensionality of the materials themselves. He has a consistent and carefully theorized taxonomy of symbols, shapes, and materials that resurface throughout his oeuvre. Belkahia's work typically uses sinuous, organic shapes that recall bodies or corporality. Many of his works use triangles, arrows, and hands, and often involve questions of sexuality. He often employs Tifinagh letters from the Amazigh alphabet and symbols culled from traditional visual culture within Morocco, derived from rugs, tattoos, and architecture. Part of the interest of his work, however, is the way in which these symbols are re-constituted and re-imagined to become an integral part of his modernist visual vocabulary.

Belkahia was an active voice in the debates around post-colonial artistic modernism in Morocco, and contributed to   the leftist cultural and intellectual journal Souffles when it first came out. For Belkahia, using the cultural heritage of Morocco in his shapes, materials, and technique was a way of rooting international modernism within the local context. Under his leadership, the Casablanca Ecole des Beaux-Arts became known for advancing a pedagogy that turned away from the inherited French model of easel paintings and still lifes, instead highlighting Moroccan visual culture and architecture. The pedagogy of the art school was closely linked to the artists' broader activities. With the artists Mohammed Melehi and Mohamed Chabaa (both of whom taught at the school), he formed the Casablanca group that first exhibited together in Rabat in 1966. In 1969, these artists along with three other professors from the school organized the "Exposition Manifeste" in Djemaa al-Fna in Marrakech, an open-air exhibition that sought direct contact with a larger public outside of official arts spaces. Later that same year, a similar exhibition was held in the Place du 16 Novembre in Casablanca.

Belkahia has had multiple personal exhibitions at major art venues in Morocco, including the national gallery, Galerie Bab Rouah, in Rabat, the Galerie L'Atelier in Rabat, the Cultural Moussem of Asilah, the Batha Museum of Fes, and the Galerie Delacroix in Tangier. He has also had international solo exhibitions including those at Darat al Funun, Amman and the Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Nice. His work was represented in major early exhibitions of Moroccan modern art, including "2000 ans d'art au Maroc," Galerie Charpentier, Paris and the 1963 Rencontre International in Rabat, as well as the Paris Biennial (1959 and 1961), the Festival of Negro Arts in Dakar (1966), the Panafrican Festival in Algiers (1967), and the First Arab Biennial in Baghdad (1974). More recently, his art was included in the exhibitions "Présences artistiques du Maroc," Maison de la Culture, Grenoble, 1985; "Quatre peintures du Maroc," Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, 1991; "Interventions," Mathaf, 2009; and at the Museum of Modern Art, Johannesberg; the Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin; and the Biennials of Venice and Lyon.   


Selected Solo Exhibitions


Aube, Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art, Doha, Qatar

L'Arbre à Palabres
, Mathaf Farid BELKAHIA, Marrakesh, Morocco

​Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Nice, France 
​____​Musée des Arts d'Afrique et d'Océanie, Paris, France
​1998​Galerie Delacroix, Tangier, Morocco
​1995 ​Darat al Funun, Amman, Jordan
​1986 25 ans de dessins et graphique​s, Musée de Batha, Fes, Morocco
​1979​Moussem culturel, Asilah, Morocco
​1972 - 1973 ​Galerie L'Atelier, Rabat, Morocco
​1977 - 1984 ​Galerie L'Atelier, Rabat, Morocco
​1965 - 1967 ​Municipal Gallery, Casablanca, Morocco
​1962  ​Galerie Bab Rouah, Rabat, Morocco
​1957 - 1958  ​Galerie Bab Rouah, Rabat, Morocco
​1955 - 1957​Galerie Mamounia, Rabat, Morocco
​1953​First exhibition in Marrakech, Morocco​

​​Selected Group Exhibitions

​2000 ​Biennale de Lyon, France
​1997​Modernité et mémoires, Venice Biennial, Italy
​1995​Vital: Three Contemporary African Artists, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, United Kingdom
​1994Rencontres africaines, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France
​1991 ​Quatre peintres du Maroc, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France
​1988​Biennale de Sao Paolo, Brazil
​1987 ​Présences Artistiques du Maroc, Maison de la Culture, Grenoble, France
​1981​Salon de Mai, Paris, France
​1974 ​First Arab Biennial, Baghdad, Iraq
​1969 Exposition Manifeste, place du 16 Novembre, Casablanca, Morocco​
_____​​Exposition Manifeste, Djemaa al-Fna, Marrakech, Morocco
​1967 ​Panafrican Festival, Algiers, Algeria
​1966Festival of Negro Arts, Dakar, Senegal
​_____​Belkahia, Chebaa, Melehi, Hall du Théatre Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
​1963​2000 ans d'art au Maroc, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France
​1961​Biennale de Paris, France
​_____​Rencontre internationale des artistes, Rabat, Morocco
​1959 ​Biennale de Paris, France 
​1957​​Biennale de Paris, France
​_____​Peintres Marocains, Tunis, Tunisia
​1956​Biennial of Alexandria, Egypt​


Moroccan Modern Art, Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Casablanca, Djemaa al-Fna, leather, copper.


Benchemsi, Rajae and Farid Belkahia. Farid Belkahia. Venise Cadre: Casablanca, 2010.

L'Institut International du Multimédia. "Farid Belkahia." Accessed November 14, 2013.​ 

Maraini, Toni. Ecrits sur l'Art: Choix de Textes Maroc 1967-1989. (Rabat: Al Kalam, 1990), 175-186.

Further Reading

Belkahia, Farid. "Fiches et questionnaire." Souffles. (N 7-8, 2/3/4 trimesters, 1967), 25-31.