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Artists' Index
Encyclopedia of Modern Art and Arab World
موســــوعة الفـن الحديـــث والعالــم العربـــي
Artists' Index

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Sliman Mansour

Sliman Mansour was born on 27 July 1947 in Birzeit, West Bank, Palestine. He is one of the most distinguished Palestinian artists working today. Since the seventies, he contributed to the development of a visual iconography of the Palestine through the depiction of the orange and olive trees, traditional Palestinian embroidery, village life, and the figure of the Palestinian woman as the mother figure of Palestine, giving birth to and protecting the Palestinian people. He served as head of the League of Palestinian Artists (1986-1990) co-founded al-Wasiti Art Center (1994), and is a member of the Founding Board of Directors of the International Academy of Art Palestine (2004).
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Mohammed Melehi

Mohammed Melehi was born on 12 November 1936 in Asilah, Morocco. He is known as a leading modernist in Morocco. Since the 1960s, he has been elaborating a body of work based around the recurrent motif of waves. The canvases are consistently hard-edged and optic abstractions. He was a professor of painting, sculpture and photography at the École des Beaux-Arts of Casablanca (1964-1969), and with Farid Belkahia and Mohammed Chebaa, formed the Casablanca group. Melehi was an active member of the group associated with the leftist cultural journal Souffles from 1966 to 1969, and designed its original iconic cover. From 1972 to 1977, Melehi was founder and director of the cultural journal Intégral. In 1978, Melehi and Mohammed Benaïssa co-founded the Al Mohit association and the Cultural Moussem of Asilah, an arts festival known for its outdoor murals that continues to be held every year. Melehi was arts director at the Ministry of Culture from 1984 to 1992.
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Mahmoud Mokhtar

Mahmoud Mokhtar, born on 10 May 1891, Tunbarah, is considered a pioneer of modern Egyptian art and sculpture, and occupies a prominent place in modern Egyptian history. Mokhtar's art is revolutionary in that it expresses resistance, strives for freedom and the nationalist cause of the masses. He deftly blended Pharaonic imagery with a modern European sculptural aesthetic to create quintessentially nationalist Egyptian artwork. He sculpted several Egyptian Fellahat 'women peasants' using bronze and granite. Deeply moved by the 1919 Revolution, he sculpted a statue (a model) called Nahdat Misr (Egypt's awakening) for the Salon des Artistes Français in 1920. After many years of fundraising, the sculpture was unveiled in 1928 in Bab el-Hadid Square (currently Ramses Square) facing the Cairo railway station (later moved to Cairo University campus in 1955), and continues to be a powerful symbol of Egypt to this day. After his premature death on 27 March 1934 in Cairo, prominent intellectuals, including Huda Sa'arawi, Ramsis Wissa Wassef and Ragheb Ayad founded the Mahmoud Mukhtar Museum in Cairo.
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