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Artists' Index
Encyclopedia of Modern Art and Arab World
موســــوعة الفـن الحديـــث والعالــم العربـــي
Artists' Index

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Abdul Qadir al-Rassam

Abdul Qadir al-Rassam was born in Baghdad, Iraq in 1882. Al-Rassam studied art and military science in Istanbul during the last years of the Ottoman Empire. Working with oil paints in a realist style, al-Rassam in known for his landscapes, portraits, and scenes of everyday life. Upon becoming established in Iraq, al-Rassam held art classes out of his studio and encouraged young artists to further their educations by studying abroad. He was an honorary member of the Society of the Friends of Art. A collection of his work is held at the Pioneers Museum in Baghdad and the Iraqi Museum of Modern Art. His art can also be appreciated at museums like Mathaf: Arab Museum of Modern Art.
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Mohammed Ben Ali Rbati

Mohammed Ben Ali Rbati was born in 1861 in Rabat, Morocco, and died in 1939 in Tangier, Morocco. If not the very first, Rbati is certainly one of the earliest modern Moroccan painters. He is often referred to as an easel painter, though he eschewed canvas for watercolors on paper. In 1903, Rbati became the cook for Sir John Lavery, an Irish portrait painter who discovered Rbati's talent as a watercolor painter. Rbati had his first exhibition at the Goupil Gallery in London in 1916. Rbati's figurative watercolors on paper focus on Tangier, its Kasbah, and its inhabitants. The paintings depict an extensive cross-section of the local population. Figures are often simplified and demarcated with clear strokes. In many examples of Rbati's work, the plane of the picture is entirely flat, with no reference to dimensionality.
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